|The Game - is divided into 4 periods of 7
minutes actual playing time (shorter periods for younger age
groups) with teams exchanging ends after each period.
Teams - comprise 7 players in the water plus up to 6
substitutes. Substitutions may be made after each period end, when
a goal has been scored (by either team), if a player has been
excluded by the referee or by injury; and during play by the team
in possession of the ball.
Officials - include 2 referees plus
Basic Rules - catching, passing and shooting with the
ball must be one handed (with the exception of the goalkeeper).
Standing or jumping are not allowed (with the exception of the
goalkeeper in pools with a shallow end), or fisting or sinking of
the ball by anyone.
Holding or sinking of an opposing player is not allowed unless
that player is holding the ball at the time.
Fouls - are classified as ordinary or major (3 major fouls will
cause a player to be excluded for the remainder of the match)
Possession of the ball by each team is limited to 35 seconds
actual playing time, at the end of which possession is awarded to
the other team (possession time will be restarted by the
occurrence of a shot on goal resulting in a corner, or by a major
Equipment Required - Goal-posts, markers for playing
area, 1 ball (football size but lighter);
2 sets of numbered caps of contrasting colours; Enthusiasm.