COUNCIL ON CHRISTIAN APPROACHES
TO DEFENCE AND DISARMAMENT (CCADD)
Christians, like others, have long held widely differing views on the use of military force. Many believe that the use, or threat, of military force has played a necessary part in the search for peace and justice. Others hold that military force is contrary to the gospel message of non-violence. But both pacifists and defenders of ‘just war’ are agreed on the need to search for means to reduce international tension. Because CCADD does not prescribe a single approach, scholars, officials, military personnel, clergy (including chaplains to the forces), peace-movement activists, and interested members of other faiths or none, can enter into dialogue with each other. CCADD provides a forum for debate and channels for dissemination of ideas and knowledge, and offers the chance to talk to well-informed people on many key areas of conflict or related matters.
The most important of these include:
· Terrorism, ethnic and religious fundamentalism, jihadism, extremism.
· Nuclear weapons and the ethics of deterrence, including treaty obligations, the replacement of the UK Trident, steps on the way to nuclear disarmament.
· biological and chemical arms control.
· Conventional arms control and restraints on inhumane weapons.
· The arms trade.
· Humanitarian Intervention, non-violent conflict resolution
· The roles of the UN, the International Criminal Court and the International Court of Justice.
· The Geneva Conventions, ‘unlawful combatants’, use of torture, intelligence-gathering.
· Legal and illegal orders, rights of suspects, whistle blowing.
· Climate and environmental changes as long-term causes of conflict.
Links with Other Institutions
CCADD welcomes all the major Christians denominations, including their various justice and peace activist groups. It has formal or informal links with: major universities and their departments of War Studies, Peace Studies, Religious Studies; the United Nations Association, Saferworld, Basic, Pugwash, and NGOs in the war and peace field; think-tanks such as the International Institute for Strategic Studies, the Royal Institute for International Affairs (Chatham House) and the Royal United Service Institute. Interested members of other faiths or of none are welcome to join in.
The activities of CCADD take three main forms:
A. Discussion meetings
These take place in central London every month on weekdays over a sandwich lunch. Non-members are welcome to attend provided they inform the Secretary in advance. A typical recent programme has included:
Daniel Plesch (from SOAS) on ‘Can We Engage With Conservative Christian America?’
Rebecca Johnson (of the Acronym Institute) on ‘Non-Proliferation and the Future of UK Nuclear Weapons’
Daleep Mukarji (of Christian Aid) on ‘Conflict and Development’
Alan Pleydell: ‘Averting Massacres: The Responsibility to Protect’
Philippe Sands QC on ‘Lawless Worlds’
General Sir Michael Rose on ‘Ethical Dilemmas of Command’
Neil Summerton (formerly of the Department of the Environment) on ‘Conflict and the Environment’
Arlene Audergon (a psychotherapist) on ‘The Personal and the Political: How our Awareness makes a Difference in Violence Prevention and Community Building.’
Reports of these meetings are put on the CCADD website, and also circulated to members who cannot be present.
There are also occasional open public meetings, sometimes in the evenings, to which any interested person is welcome. These have recently included:
Sir Michael Quinlan (formerly of Ministry of Defence): ‘Serving God and Caesar’
The Rt Revd Richard Harries (President of CCADD): ‘Countering Terrorism: Power, Violence and Democracy Post 9/11’.
CCADD books are also ‘launched’ at public open meetings, at which it is possible to meet the authors and buy copies at a discount.
B. International Conferences
CCADD in the UK has associates in other countries who meet at an annual international conference every year to discuss current issues in international security and ethics. The working language is English but the venue rotates between countries. Recent conferences have been held in Belgium, Holland, the USA, Slovenia and Slovakia. A selection of conference proceedings can be seen on the website under ‘documents’.
C. Studies and Publications
CCADD organises research groups which usually lead to the publication of books. CCADD members are able to join in wherever they live, and invited experts from outside CCADD are often also involved. Recent publications have included:
Profit Without Honour: Ethics and the Arms Trade (Methodist Publishing House 1992)
Some Corner of a Foreign Field: Intervention and World Order (Macmillan, 1998)
The Crescent and the Cross: Muslim and Christian Approaches to War and Peace (Macmillan, 1998)
Demanding Peace: Christian Responses to War and Violence (SCM Press, 1999)
Witnesses to Faith? Martyrdom in Christianity and Islam (Ashgate, 2006)
Britain’s Bomb: What Next? (SCM-Canterbury Press, 2006)
In addition CCADD members regularly publish papers on questions of defence and disarmament and related subjects in academic periodicals and elsewhere. A selection can be found on the CCADD website.
Members of CCADD hold different views, but are united in believing that Christian judgements have a place in considering problems of defence and disarmament. Individual membership is open to anybody, and gives access to all the activities described above. The personal annual subscription is £40 payable to the Secretary. A reduced subscription is available to students. There is also provision for corporate membership, where for a somewhat larger subscription organisations can join CCADD so that their own members are entitled to participate in any CCADD activity.
Welcoming New Members
CCADD is very interested in recruiting new members who are sympathetic to its aims, and welcomes expressions of interest sent to the Secretary (see below) or any existing member. Those who would like initially to attend any particular meeting, in order to explore what CCADD does, are invited to contact the Secretary beforehand and can usually attend without fee for that occasion (except for the cost of a sandwich lunch where appropriate).
Officers and Committee
CCADD is administered by a Management Committee, members of which are also involved in formulating the programme of activities.
Mrs Liza Hamilton,
5 Cubitt’s Meadow,
The Rt Revd Lord Harries of Pendregarth (formerly Bishop of Oxford)
The Revd Professor Duncan Forrester (lately of Edinburgh University)
Sir Michael Howard, OM, CH, CBE, MC, D.Litt, FBA
The Rt Revd Timothy Radcliffe OP (formerly Master of the Dominican Order)
Chairman of the Council
Brian Wicker MA
General Sir Hugh Beach, GBE, KCB, MC
The Revd Robert S Beresford
CCADD is financed by grants from charitable trusts and individual subscriptions
The Council on Christian Approaches to Defence and Disarmament Ltd, is incorporated as a Charity No. 245130. It is also registered in England as a Limited Company No. 859429.
Registered Office: 39 Eccleston Square, London SW1V 1BX