This is a "paperwork" excercise and is the collating and
analysing of the data collected as individual Hive Records. Only
colonies that have been headed by the same queen for a full year are
Assessment consists of totalling and averaging the numbers
in Micheal's 5 columns then agregating them to form a score out of 25.
Only individual column scores of 3 and above with a combination score
of 15 or greater should be considered worthy of propagation. However
in the very early stages of a program or if colony numbers are
limited then lower numbers may be accepted. The numbers will creep up
year by year showing that you are achieving actual improvement.
Other factors that should be considered
Marla Spivak is a renowned
authority on this subject and her text
"The Minnesota Hygene Queen".... is becoming the
classic work on this theme.
House Cleaning Behavior
This is separate and distinct from, but often confused with,
"Hygenic" behavior simply because of the links in human life between
hygene and cleaning.
This is the ability of individual workers to remove mites
(and other contaminants) from their bodies, combined with similar
action performed by pairs or groups of workers.
Mite Damaging Behaviour
This is another item that is confused with both grooming
behaviour and hygenic behaviour. In it's simplest form it is counting
the total mite drop, then microscopically examining each mite for
signs of mutilation and bite marks by the bees. Then a score is
generated on the number of damaged mites compared to the total
originally counted. (I have some thoughts on another method that
aportions "scores" according to the type of damage and the degree of
severity of it. I have many other projects as well so this will have
Varroa mites for microscopic examination can be sandwiched
between plain glass microscope slides using the
cardboard masks that allow
inspection of both upper and lower body surfaces of many individual
Excessive propolis causes sticky hands and makes frame
removal difficult during colony examination. (future link)
Select from those colonies that do not exhibit large dollops of
propolis on the ends of frame topbars.
Bees following a beekeeper back to his or her vehicle may
encounter other humans that are not wearing protective clothing. It
does not matter whether these following bees sting or not, they still
give beekeeping a bad name and should be de-selected wherever possible.
Cool Weather Clustering
This is exhibited strongly by Apis Mellifera Mellifera
colonies and is a characteristic that I positively select for. It is
often described as "drippy" bees and some beekeepers consider the
behaviour as "nervous". Providing it is not mixed with "running" and
"jumping" and you turn your trousers down around the tops of your
wellington boots, it is no problem.
Apiary vicinity Mating
This is not very often observed directly, but may be
inferred due to knowledge of local weather. It gets a big plus in my
With a mind to the commercial appeal of cut comb and
section honey... White, regular and slightly raised cappings catch
the eye and confer a higher purchase price on the finished product.
Head Butting Behaviour
Bees bouncing off the front of your veil or battering your
head may seem trivial if you consider the smallness of a bee's mass,
but it soon becomes a nuisance and should not be tolerated. The
general public are unlikely to take kindly to this activity either.
Biting and Hair Pulling
These uses of the bees mandibles are fairly rare and I am
uncertain as to whether it is a good or bad trait. I am hopeful that a
link will be shown between this and "mite damaging" which will clinch
the matter, but we must wait for the results of more research.
This I catagorize as mainly neutral. However, I try to
avoid those colonies that extend the process of guarding beyond their
This is one thing that I greatly dislike in bees, and will
cull ruthlessly, although I know some commercial beeekeepers that
consider it is to their benefit to propagate such robber bees.
MMC & Galtee (link)
Written... September 2000
Revised... 06 December 2001