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Copper Gluconate, Useage With Honey Bees

COPPER GLUCONATE is used to rectify copper deficiency in human or veterinary therapies, alone or in association with other trace-elements, orally or by injection.

In food, it is used as an additive for a dietetic purpose (substance of mineral contribution).

The recommended nutritional requirements for a healthy human adult, with a normal level of fitness, are 2 to 3 mg of copper per day.

In beauty care, copper is a trace-element, tyrosinase cofactor. It stimulates melanin synthesis (natural anti-UV filter) and promotes maturation of collagen fibres.

Copper Gluconate has been used, in conjunction with an ointment base, for a number of veterinary salves... for the treatment of skin complaints in animals.

Use with bees

This chemical is not approved for use with bees and its use in these circumstances is as "a non-medicinal curative substance".

Happy hive salts contains copper gluconate and is a product of:-

BICKERSTAFFES HONEY
76 Buckingham Road, Maghull
Liverpool, L31 7DP, UK

A FREE sample of Happy Hive Salts together with scientific reports on the use of Copper Gluconate is available on request.
A Zipped file containing the articles in Acrobat PDF format can be sent by Email using the link.

mrbee@honeybeez.freeserve.co.uk

I have no personal or business connections with BICKERSTAFFES HONEY.

My own interest in the use of copper gluconate, stems from the fact (refs) that the substance is more toxic to varroa than it is to honey bees.

However it is no 'magic bullet', but can be used to make the mite more susceptible to other, more conventional, miticides. At the same time the copper gluconate envigorates the bees making them more resistant to the side effects of the varroa treatment.

Conversley the bees may be treated with a miticide and this can be followed up with the copper gluconate treatment. In which case the copper gluconate helps to revive the bees that may be a little the worse for wear and at the same time follows up the miticide with another hammer blow.

Standardisation of dose... It is important to be able to replicate effects. I use a standard mixture as follows
One Litre of water + One Kilo of sugar + One Gram of copper gluconate

I feed the syrup in frame feeders and I use one litre of syrup per colony, but delivered in two doses... one of 330 ml and a week later another dose of 670 ml.

I prepare the doses, in advance, in plastic bottles (a particular brand of mouthwash comes in a suitable bottle).

Copper occurs naturally in honey, using this treatment raises the level of copper residue found in the honey, but after a period of about 4 weeks has elapsed the copper levels in the honey are indistinguishable from normal background levels.

It is thus important that there are no supers or customer's honey on the hive during treatment or a period of four weeks from treatment. This gives the opportunity to treat either in spring or autumn, or both as the case may be.

The information contained in this guide has been drawn up with care and accuracy from the manufacturer's published literature. It must be considered only as an indication and in no case can I be held responsible for it's content.

I neither endorse nor condem this product. The information as published here is a matter of public record. The information is placed here for the education of those that wish to read it.

BEFORE you obtain or use the material concerned, please ascertain the legality of doing so in your location as the product may or may not be approved in your geographic State or Country.

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Written... 04 February 2002
Revised...