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Thymol Safety Data



Exclamation Mark As of June 2006 this page will not be further updated. All future updates will occur on the more up to date page which is now situated at
http://www.dave-cushman.net/bee/thymolsafety.html
which will open if you click on the link.

There is some confusion in the application of the words 'thymol' and 'thyme oil'. I use the word 'thymol' in this document to mean a common phenol that exists as a white crystalline solid at room temperature. Formula: C10H14O and molecular structure as indicated in the diagram at right. Molecular Structure of Thymol

Thyme oils come from several different plants, some of which contain more than one type of essential oil.

Trachyspermum ammi (Ajowan)     Thymus (chemotype thymol)     Thymus (chemotype carvacrol)     Thymus serpyllum (Wild thyme or mother of thyme)     Thymus vulgaris (chemotype thymol)     Thymus vulgaris (chemotype linalol)

Thymol is only very slightly soluble in water, but has a strong affinity for fats and oils (Lipids). The degree of this solubility is represented by the following Compound Partition Coefficients (P or p):-

SubstanceCoeff.
(P or p)
Reality
Ethanol0.1Higher solubility in water than fat
n-BuOH0.65Slightly more soluble in water than fat
Acetylsalicic Acid1.13Only a tiny bit more soluble in fat than in water
Benzamide - PhC(O)NH22.50Higher solubility in fat
Thymol950Very high solubility in fat



From this table you can see that the larger the number, the more soluble a compound is in a lipid. More details

Other names by which Thymol is known:-

2 isopropyl 5 methylphenol     mint flavouring     6 isopropyl m cresol     3 hydroxy p cymene     isopropyl cresol     4 methyl 2 hydroxy isopropyl benzene

CAS No:- 89-83-8
EC No:- 201-944-8

Physical data

Appearance:- White crystalline solid or powder with a pungent odour.
Melting point = 49°C
Boiling point = 233°C
Molar mass = 134.24 g/mol.
Vapour pressure = 0.04 mm Hg at 20°C
Specific gravity = 0.97
Flash point = 107°C (closed cup)
Solubility:- Soluble in most Alcohols, but only slightly soluble in water

Stability

Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, organic materials, strong bases.

Toxicology

Harmful if swallowed, inhaled or absorbed through the skin. Eye, skin and respiratory irritant. Eye contact may cause serious harm.

Toxicity data

ORL-RAT LD50 980 mg per kg
IVN-MUS LD50 100 mg per kg

Transport information

UN No 2810. Hazard class 6.1. Packing group III.

Environmental information

Harmful in the environment.

Personal protection

Safety glasses, adequate ventilation, avoid contact with skin or other tissue, avoid breathing fumes.

This page of data has been collected from many sources, I cannot guarantee that it is up-to-date.

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Originated... 25 April 2003, Revised... 10 May 2003,

corrosive icon Coding Standard 2003 Issue 2