Royal Navy Major Surface Vessels



Invincible class VSTOL carriers

Displacement: 20,600 tons full load Dimensions: 210 x 36 x 8.8 meters (689 x 118 x 29 feet) Propulsion: 4 TM3B gas turbines, 2 shafts, 94,000 shp, 28 knots Crew: 1089 Aviation: full flight deck with ski jump, 2 elevators; 20 VSTOL and helicopters (usually 8 Sea Harrier, 9 Sea King, 3 Sea King AEW) Hangar: full length & width, 3 bays Troops: 960 (short duration) Radar: Type 1002 early warning, 1 Type 996 surface/air search Sonar: Type 2016 hull Fire Control: 2 Type 909 missile control EW: UAA-1 intercept, Type 670 jammer, decoy systems Armament: 3 CIWS ( 20 mm Phalanx or 30 mm Goalkeeper) Formerly known as "through deck cruisers", these are VSTOL carriers. Ark Royal is in refit. The Sea Dart launchers have been removed. Number Name Year Homeport Notes R05 Invincible 1980 Portsmouth R06 Illustrious 1982 Portsmouth [R07 Ark Royal 1985 Portsmouth in refit] Note: A new class of two larger carriers is planned to replace the existing ships.

Sheffield class (Type 42 Batch 1) air defense destroyers

Displacement: 4,250 tons full load Dimensions: 125 x 14.34 x 5.9 meters (410 x 47 x 19 feet) Propulsion: 2 shafts, 2 RM1A cruise gas turbines, 8,000 shp, 18 knots; 2 TM3B boost gas turbines, 54,000 shp, 29.5 knots Crew: 250-280 (299 max) Aviation: aft helicopter deck with hangar; 1 Sea Lynx helicopter Radar: Type 1022 early warning, Type 996 3-D surface/air search Sonar: Type 2050 hull Fire Control: 2 Type 909 missile control EW: UAA-2 intercept, 2 Type 670/675 jammer, 4 decoy, Type 182 towed Armament: 1 Sea Dart (22 missiles), 1 114mm/55, 2 20 mm Phalanx CIWS, 2 20 mm, 3 12.75 inch torpedo tubes. Area AAW ships. Very cramped and lacking in self-defense. Two lost in the Falklands. Number Name Year Homeport Notes D87 Newcastle 1978 Portsmouth D88 Glasgow 1979 Portsmouth D108 Cardiff 1979 Portsmouth

Sheffield class (Type 42 Batch 2) air defense destroyers

Displacement: 4,250 tons full load Dimensions: 125 x 14.34 x 5.9 meters (410 x 47 x 19 feet) Propulsion: 2 shafts, 2 RM1C cruise gas turbines, 10,690 shp, 18 knots; 2 boost gas turbines, 54,000 shp, 29.5 knots Crew: 250-280 (299 max) Aviation: aft helicopter deck with hangar; 1 Sea Lynx helicopter Radar: Type 1022 early warning, Type 996 3-D surface/air search Sonar: Type 2050 hull Fire Control: 2 Type 909 missile control EW: UAA-2 intercept, 2 Type 670/675 jammer, 4 decoy, Type 182 towed Armament: 1 Sea Dart (22 missiles), 1 114mm/55 DP, 2 20 mm Phalanx CIWS, 2 20 mm, 3 12.75 inch torpedo tubes Slightly improved version of previous class. (Henry Steele photo) Number Name Year Homeport Notes D89 Exeter 1980 Portsmouth D90 Southampton 1981 Portsmouth D91 Nottingham 1983 Portsmouth D92 Liverpool 1982 Portsmouth

Manchester class (Type 42 Batch 3) air defense destroyers

Displacement: 4,775 tons full load Dimensions: 141.12 x 14.90 x 5.80 meters (463 x 49 x 19 feet) Propulsion: 2 shafts, 2 RM1C cruise gas turbines, 10,680 shp, 18 knots; 2 TM3B boost gas turbines, 54,400 shp, 29.5 knots Crew: 301 Aviation: aft helicopter deck with hangar; 1 Sea Lynx helicopter Radar: Type 1022 early warning, Type 992Q or 996 surface/air search Sonar: Type 2016 hull Fire Control: 2 Type 909 missile control EW: UAA-2 intercept, 3 Type 760 jammer, 4 decoy, Type 182 towed Armament: 1 Sea Dart (22 missiles), 1 114mm/55 DP, 2 20 mm Phalanx CIWS, 2 20 mm, 3 12.75 inch torpedo tubes Lengthened version of previous class. Reportedly missile magazine holds 40 Sea Dart, but this is not confirmed. (Henry Steele photo) Number Name Year Homeport Notes D95 Manchester 1982 Portsmouth D96 Gloucester 1985 Portsmouth D97 Edinburgh 1985 Portsmouth D98 York 1985 Portsmouth

Daring class (Type 45) air defense destroyers

Displacement: approx. 7,200 tons full load Dimensions: 151 x 20 meters Propulsion: gas turbine, 2 shafts, 29 knots Crew: 190 + 45 spare Aviation: helicopter deck and hangar for 1 helicopter Radar: SAMPSOM multi function phased array, S1850 air searc Sonar: Fire Control: PAAMS system EW: Armament: 48 cell Sylver VLS (ASTER-15/30 missiles), 4.5" gun, CIWS, 12.75" torpedo tubes A new class being developed to replace the existing T42 destroyers. Number Name Year Homeport Notes (D32 Daring 2007 planned) (D33 Dauntless 2007 planned) (D34 (none) planned (D35 (none) planned (D36 (none) planned (D37 (none) planned (D38 (none) planned (D39 (none) planned (D40 (none) planned (D41 (none) planned (D42 (none) planned (D43 (none) planned

Boxer class (Type 22 Batch 2) ASW/surveillance frigates

Displacement: 4,850 tons full load Dimensions: 148.10 x 14.75 x 6.0 meters Propulsion: 2 shafts, 2 RM1C cruise gas turbines, 10,680 shp, 18 knots; 2 SM1A boost gas turbines, 37,540 shp, 30 knots (F92,F93: TM3B, 54,600 shp boost turbines) Crew: 265 (320 max) Aviation: aft helicopter deck with hangar; 2 Sea Lynx helicopters Radar: Type 967M surface/air search Sonar: Type 2016 hull, Type 2031(Z) towed Fire Control: 2 Type 910/911 missile control EW: UAA-2 intercept, 2 Type 675 jammers, 4 decoy, Type 182 towed Armament: 2 6-cell Sea Wolf (72 missiles total, manual reload), 4 30 mm, 2 triple 12.75 inch torpedo tubes Improved Broadsword class, with extra space for a towed array. All fitted with US Outboard ELINT system. First three units decommissioned. Exocet missiles have been deactivated. Number Name Year Homeport Notes F96 Sheffield 1988 Devonport FrigRon1 Decom 2005 F98 Coventry 1988 Devonport FrigRon1 Decom 2001

Cornwall class (Type 22 Batch 3) frigates

Displacement: 4,850 tons full load Dimensions: 148.10 x 14.75 x 6.0 meters (486 x 48 x 19.5 feet) Propulsion: 2 shafts, 2 RM1C cruise gas turbines, 10,680 shp, 18 knots; 2 SM1A boost gas turbines, 37,540 shp, 30 knots Crew: 232 (245 as flagship) Aviation: aft helicopter deck with hangar; 2 Sea Lynx helicopters Radar: Type 967M surface/air search Sonar: Type 2050 hull, Type 2031(Z) towed Fire Control: 2 Type 911 missile control EW: UAA-2 intercept, 2 Type 675 jammer, 4 decoy, Type 182 towed Armament: 8 Harpoon, 2 6-cell Sea Wolf (72 missiles total, manual reload), 1 114mm/55 DP, 1 30 mm Goalkeeper CIWS, 2 triple 12.75 inch torpedo tubes, 2 30 mm Further improvement of the original Broadsword design, becoming multirole frigates instead of ASW-only ships. Number Name Year Homeport Notes F85 Cumberland 1989 Devonport FrigRon8 F86 Campbeltown 1989 Devonport FrigRon8 F87 Chatham 1990 Devonport FrigRon8 F99 Cornwall 1988 Devonport FrigRon8

Duke class (Type 23) frigates

Displacement: 4,200 tons full load Dimensions: 133 x 16.1 x 5.5 meters (436 x 53 x 18 feet) Propulsion: 2 shafts, 4 cruise diesels, diesel-electric drive, 4,000 shp, 15 knots; 2 SM1C (F229-F236: SM1A) boost gas turbines, 52,300 shp, 28 knots Crew: 169 (185 max) Aviation: aft helicopter deck with hangar and hauldown system; 1 Sea Lynx helicopter Radar: Type 996 3-D air/surface search Sonar: Type 2050NE bow, Type 2031(Z) towed Fire Control: 2 Type 911 missile control EW: UAF-1 intercept, 2 Type 675 jammers, 4 chaff, 1 Type 182 towed Armament: 8 Harpoon, 1 Sea Wolf VLS (32 missiles), 1 114mm/55, 2 30 mm, 4 torpedo tubes Multipurpose frigates; early units built without a combat system, will be backfitted. Number Name Year Homeport Notes F229 Lancaster 1992 Portsmouth FrigRon4 F230 Norfolk 1990 Devonport FrigRon6 F231 Argyll 1991 Devonport FrigRon6 F233 Marlborough 1991 Portsmouth FrigRon4 F234 Iron Duke 1993 Portsmouth FrigRon4 F235 Monmouth 1993 Devonport FrigRon6 F236 Montrose 1994 Devonport FrigRon6 F237 Westminster 1994 Portsmouth FrigRon4 F238 Northumberland 1995 Devonport FrigRon6 F239 Richmond 1995 Portsmouth FrigRon4 F80 Grafton 1997 Devonport FrigRon6 F81 Sutherland 1997 Devonport FrigRon6 F82 Somerset 1996 Devonport FrigRon4 [F78 Kent 5/2000 trials] [F83 St. Albans 11/2000 fitting out] [F79 Portland 5/2001 fitting out]

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Version 1.00  New 4th January 2001, © David Carrington 2001