Story - A Portuguese colony from 1510 to 1961, little is known of Goa's early history under Hindu rule until its seizure by Muslims in 1327. The Portuguese governor, Albuquerque, captured it in 1510, and expanded the settlement to form a commercial centre for south-east Asian trade. It became the administrative centre of Portugal's Asian empire. When Portuguese power declined elsewhere in Asia, Goa remained as an enclave of European influence. However it was liberated by India in 1961 and, together with two other former Portuguese west-coast territories, Daman and Diu, became a Union territory in 1962. Goa became a State of the Union in May 1987.


This photo shows a north Goa beach which stretches from Baga at it northern tip, through Calangute, Candolim and Sinquerim at the southern tip. At Sinquerim are the ruined ramparts of fort Aguada which was built by the Portuguese during their colonial occupation of Goa. Although the Portuguese had to leave in a hurry, they left behind a rich legacy that survives to this day.


In the foreground of the picture you can see the ruined ramparts of Fort Aguada. This is a famous landmark and hereabouts is built the Fort Aguada Beach Resort, a five star complex, where Mrs. Thatcher stayed during the Commonwealth Prime Minister's Conference several years ago. The Portuguese also built many Churches in Goa during their colonial rule which ended abruptly in 1961.

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