The first part of the name is believed to come from the name Tidhere, a personal name of uncertain entomology.
The middle "ing" would mean "the people of".
The ending of the name "ton", is thought to be derived from the pre 7th century Old English "Tun" which was a fence, farm settlement or town.
Following the above reasoning suggests that the name means "Farmstead associated with Tidhere".
There are at least four places named Tytherington in England, one in Gloucestershire near Yate and Thornbury, recorded as "Tidrentune" in the Doomsday Book of 1086. A second is found in Wiltshire in the Vale of Wylie near Heytesbury, recorded as "Tuderinton" in the 1242 Fine Court Rolls of Wiltshire. There is another in Somerset, to the south of Frome.
The one in Cheshire, just north of Macclesfield, is believed to be the primary source of the surname which first appears on record at the end of the 13th century. The first known spelling is thought to be that of Sewall de Tuderinton (Lord of Tuderinton and a benefactor of Chester Abbey in the reign of Henry III)
Omerod in his History of Cheshire, says "The township of Titherington in Cheshire is unnoticed in Domesday, but there can be little doubt of it's having been, at that period of that survey, a dependency of the earl's manor of Macclesfield, from which it is separated by the stream of the Bollin, and from which the inquisitions prove it to have been held by its mesne lords, the Tideringtons".
Variations of the name appeared in abundance in medieval times, often changing amongst those who had moved away from the main population clusters of Titteringtons. A list of variants has been collated with the earliest date that the version was recorded.
An analysis of the IGI was conducted to try to establish the migrations made from 1550 to 1850. The version used is the one available from the Internet in 2000 (select Titterington and England, and DO NOT check the box for exact spelling of the name). The IGI may not be a perfect record of English Parish Records, but it is the only consolidated list in existence. Each birth or marriage recorded was noted against the parish where it occurred and the results were examined to establish patterns of occupation.
This is mostly 1550-1599 since few records survive prior to 1550. These particular results need to be treated carefully. If a "cluster" of Titteringtons is found then they were undoubtedly living in the parishes shown at this time. However, the reverse is NOT true. The absence of Titteringtons in a given area may be simply because the relevant parish records have not survived.
There is a big group of 70 entries around Halifax (Halifax 32, Warley 8, Elland 2, Ovenden 12, Kildwick 16).
The next largest cluster is around Tytherington near Macclesfield where 59 entries are to be found (Tytherington 2, Prestbury 52, Macclesfield 3, Butley 2). This supports the theory outlined above, that the name originates from Tytherington.
A 'surprise' group is in the villages of Great and Little Chesterford near Saffron Walden in north Essex. 35 entries are found here (Little Chesterford 21, Great Chesterford 13, Levington Suffolk 1)
The area now covered by Greater Manchester has 12 entries (Eccles 2, Mottram in Longdedale 10) while north east Lancashire has 14 (Burnley 10, Newchurch in Pendle 1, Marsdon 1, Padiham 2). The remaining entries are London 2, Lincoln 1 and Darley Dale 2).
This period ends with the Civil War and the execution of Charles I. Evidence of the social upheaval may appear when comparing this period to the one following.
Three of the groups identified in the 16th century above were in decline. Halifax plummeted from 70 to 18 entries (Elland 7, Kildwick 2, Addingham 8, Bradford 1), Tytherington fell by half from 52 to 26 (Prestbury 23, Adlington1, Wilmslow2) and Chesterford, Essex fell to one third of the previous number of entries and also showed evidence of spreading outwards from the core villages (Little Chesterford 4, Great Chesterford 2, Long Stanton (Cambridge) 4, Cambridge 2, Wilden (Beds) 1).
The big increases were in Lancashire and West Yorkshire where many of the registers which were lost from the previous century, now survive. Lancashire divides into two clusters. The first is again the area of modern day Greater Manchester with 34 entries (Deane 7, Ashton under Lyne 4, Eccles 16, Farnsworth 1, Mottram in Longdedale 6).
The second area is north east Lancashire and the villages just over the county boundary such as Waddington, which were in Yorkshire in the 17th century but which are now in Lancashire, are included. There were 35 entries (Blackburn 14, Whalley 2, Altham 5, Padiham 2, Great Harwood 1, Billington 1, Burnley 6, Simonstone 1, Waddington 3).
There were two other significant groups, Norwich 7 and London 9. Other entries were Birmingham 1, Reading 2, St Albans 1 and York 1.
At the end of the Civil War the Greater Manchester cluster is down to just 4 entries, the decline of Chesterford (3), Tytherington (2) and Halifax (1) continued. The big winner was the NE Lancashire group including villages like Clapham, Waddington and Slaidburn which were just over the border in Yorkshire. Waddington had 19 events, Blackburn 14 and Clapham 12; contributing to a total for the area of 69 events. New clusters formed in south Lancashire at Rufford (1) and Ormskirk (7) and in Staffordshire at Abbots Bromley (4), Wolstanton (4) and Shawbury (1). London had 3 events and St Albans 4.
North and north east Lancashire show a vast growth to a total of 227 events. Most spectacular is Waddington where no less than 88 events were recorded in a single parish. There is strong evidence of migration northwards through the Forest of Bowland via Slaidburn (8) to Clapham (20), Tatham (36), Melling (8), Bentham (3). Further to the west Warton near Lancaster has 5 events, Carnforth 1 and Poolton on the coast 1 also. The adjacent corner of west Yorkshire also saw an expansion, with 21 events spread across parishes such as Kirkby Malham, Giggleswick, Gargrave, Burnshall, Rylstone, Carleton in Craven and so on.
The Essex and Tytherington clusters have now vanished completely but the newer ones in south Lancashire and Staffordshire remain. In south Lancashire 23 events occus across a wide range of parishes (St Helens, Ormskirk, Altcar, Formby, Aughton, Rufford, Halsall and Liverpool). In Staffordshire, Wolstanton with 19 events remains strong with one each in Abbots Bromley and Rushall.
Colne has 13 entries and interestingly, in view of the dominance of the TH spelling in later years, 9 of these are Titteringtons and are 4 Titheringtons. Finally, London has 6 entries showing the continuing pull of the capital.
The total number of events recorded in the IGI in this period is 344. The 'big numbers' are to the north and south of the Forest of Bowland. The villages to the north (Tatham, Clapham, Bentham, Hornby, Ingleton and Thornton in Lonsdale) have 76 events recorded while those to the south (Bolton by Bowland, Slaidburn, Great Mitton, Whitewell, Waddington, Clitheroe, Whalley, Grindleton and Gisburn) total 78. Interestingly Waddington is down from 88 to 23 and Slaidburn (just to the north) is up from 8 to 42.
A definite northwards and westwards migration becomes even more apparent when Lancaster (including Warton, Halton and Bolton le Sands) up from 5 to 24; an outpost in southern lakeland around Colton with 10 events and penetration into Westmorland at Kendal and Preston Patrick (5 events) is noted.
Elsewhere, the parishes around Colne (Colne, Marsden, Rossendale, Haslingden and Newchurch in Pendle) can muster only 18 events - small compared to their later prominence. Three events pop up back at Tytherington after the dearth of 1700-1749. The group in Staffordshire is in decline from 21 to 10 while around Halifax there is another repopulation with 17 events in Halifax, Luddenden and Warley. The area north of Skipton (Giggleswick, Kirkby Malham and Horton in Ribblesdale) is well down from 22 to 4.
The major cities have relatively few events: Bolton 1, Manchester 3, Blackburn 2 (down from 12). The picture around Liverpool is a little different with the City itself up from 2 to 15 and the total for the south Lancashire area (Liverpool, Formby, Halsall, Sefton and Huyton) up from 23 to 41. Leeds appears from nowhere with 16 entries but it is not clear if this is affected by the non-availability of earlier registers.
There are also events across the breadth of the country with Gloucester 2, Derby 5, Canterbury 3, Lilbourne (Northants) 1, Leominster 1, Bradford 3 and Sunderland 1.
In summary, there is northwards and westwards movement but, as yet, no major migration to the cities.
The total number of entries in this period of 502, a 50% increase from the previous period. This coincides with the onset of the industrial age.
In the north the migration into Westmorland continued with 34 entries compared to 5 in the previous period. However, the villages to the north of the Forest of Bowland (Bentham, Clapham etc) saw a decline from 76 to 38. Lancaster and the surrounding area grew from 24 to 45 events.
To the south of the Forest of Bowland the numbers held up rather better, perhaps because the textile industries were active in this area. The previous total of 78 entries fell to 59 with Waddington and Slaidburn as the main centres. In the Burnley area, only the towns of Colne (39) and Haslingden (36) had any significant showing, but this total of 75 was up from 18 in the previous half century giving the best illustration of the way in which workers were drawn from the countryside into the cotton towns.
Preston was another example of rapid growth with 6 entries growing to 42. In south Lancashire the rural communities around Formby disappeared completely while Liverpool grew from 15 to 55, even though the area as a whole changed form 41 to 57. Manchester also grew from 3 to 14 while the Leeds area went from 19 to 61. Elsewhere in Yorkshire, the Halifax and Skipton areas doubled from 21 to 42 with most of the events concentrated around Halifax and Luddenden.
'Casualties' were the enclaves at Tytherington (which disappeared), Staffordshire (Tettenhall) almost extict at 3, London down to a solitary one event and Derby down to 3.
In summary, the movement of the population to the industrial cities is clear, but the northwards migration is still apparent.