The Unique and Historic Polar Medal to Commander
Veteran of Five Heroic Age Antarctic Expeditions
Through the kindness of Robert Stephenson, Coordinator
of the website The Antarctic Circle, and polar book author
Angie Butler, I have been corresponding and speaking with the family
of Commander John Robert Frances “Frank” Wild, RNVR, CBE,
When his widow died in 1970, Frank Wild’s British
War Medal and Victory Medal (LIEUT. F. WILD, R.N.V.R.), Geographical
Society medals, British National Antarctic Expedition Sports Medal (FRANK
WILD), and a dress miniature Polar Medal with clasps Antarctic 1902–04
and Antarctic 1907–09, along with a quantity of original documentation,
were sold at Sotheby’s in June 1971. They were last sold at Dix
Noonan Webb on December 13, 2007, and are now part of a London physician’s
It has been known for many years that Wild’s
unique Polar Medal with clasps Antarctic 1902–04, Antarctic 1907–09,
Antarctic 1912–14 and Antarctic 1914–16, remained with his
family in South Africa. The medal was issued officially engraved: A.B.
F. WILD. “DISCOVERY”. Only two four-clasp Polar Medals have
ever been issued, the other being to Ernest Joyce, featuring the clasps
Antarctic 1902–04, Antarctic 1907–09, Antarctic 1914–16
and Antarctic 1917. Joyce also received a duplicate medal, and both
medals are known to exist.
Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE, New Year Honours
List, 1920) and dress miniature medals accompany his Polar Medal. The
miniatures are mounted for wear: CBE, Polar Medal with four clasps,
British War Medal, Mercantile Marine War Medal and Victory Medal.
Wild’s family sought my advice concerning parting
with the medals, since various interested parties in South Africa and
the UK have attempted to acquire them over the years. I strongly recommended
the best way to preserve Frank Wild’s memory and the medals’
provenance was to auction them through a leading London firm, and I
recommended Dix Noonan Webb (DNW). Consequently, the family informed
me that the CBE, Polar Medal and miniatures were to be offered in the
rooms of DNW in mid-September 2009.
Frank Wild had more Antarctic experience than anyone
else during the Heroic Age of Antarctic exploration (1895–1922),
participating in five expeditions between 1901 and 1922. Wild’s
work and leadership were universally respected by his Antarctic comrades,
who virtually never had a critical word to say or write about the Skelton,
Wild first went to Antarctica as an Able Seaman with
Scott during the British National Antarctic Expedition of 1902–04,
having had 12 years in the merchant navy before joining the Royal Navy
in 1900. He took part in several sledge journeys, including the tragic
first attempt to reach Cape Crozier. His spirited leadership brought
several men back to the ship after the death of Able Seaman George Vince,
who drowned after slipping down a steep ice slope during a blizzard.
Scott thought highly of Wild’s service and specially mentioned
him in despatches, thus Wild was duly promoted to petty officer. During
the expedition, Wild struck up a friendship with the third lieutenant,
As a member of Shackleton’s Nimrod Expedition
(1907–09), Wild was placed in charge of provisions, and was one
of the four-man sledge party to reach just 97 miles from the South Pole.
Fellow Yorkshireman and expedition geologist Douglas Mawson afterwards
wrote that his experiences during this time, “acquainted me with
Wild’s high merits as an explorer and leader.” Upon his
return, Frank Wild left the Royal Navy by purchase.
Though Scott asked Wild to join his second Antarctic
venture, Wild declined, as he felt Scott was “too much the navy
man.” Instead, he joined Mawson’s 1912–14 Australian
Antarctic Expedition as a sledging expert and was appointed leader of
the Western Base. Under him were seven untried men—none had previously
served in the polar regions. In spite of terrible sledging conditions,
Wild led successful sledge parties to open up a new region, Queen Mary
Wild then played a vital role as second-in-command
of the Endurance during the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition
of 1914–17. After the ship sank, the men made their way by sledge
and boat to land on the desolate Elephant Island. Here, Wild’s
leadership abilities were tested to the fullest, as he was left in charge
while Shackleton went on his epic boat journey to get help on South
Georgia. Wild never gave up hope that Shackleton would return to rescue
them, and whenever the sea ice cleared, he would say, “Roll up
your sleeping-bags, boys: the boss may be coming today.”
On returning home, Wild volunteered for duty and was
made a Temporary Lieutenant, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve. After a
Russian language course, he became the RN transport officer at Archangel,
superintending arriving war materials during the Allied Intervention
After the war, Wild went to South Africa where he farmed
with two former Antarctic comrades. They worked the soil in British
Nyasaland until 1921, the beginning of Wild’s final Antarctic
adventure. They cleared the then virgin forest and planted cotton, and
loved the life, though suffering from intermittent bouts of malaria.
From 1921–22, Wild was second-in-command of the
Shackleton–Rowett Expedition, a poorly-equipped venture, with
no clear plan, and a small ship—the Quest. Shackleton
died of a heart attack on South Georgia, and Wild took over and completed
the journey, combating unfavorable weather to Elephant Island and along
the Antarctic coast.
He returned to South Africa to continue farming, but
was thwarted by a series of droughts and floods. Frank Wild died on
August 19, 1939, in Klerksdorp, where he was employed as a storekeeper
at the Babrosco Mine. He was cremated on August 23, 1939, in the Braamfontein
Cemetery in Johannesburg.
Frank Wild’s younger brother was also a polar
explorer. Petty Officer Harry Ernest Wild, RN, looked after the stores
and dogs of the Ross Sea Party during the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition.
Harry Wild died of typhoid in 1918, and in 1923 was posthumously awarded
the Albert Medal (Second Class/Land) for the expedition. His Albert
Medal, Polar Medal with clasp Antarctic 1914–16 and Italian Messina
Earthquake Medal (1908) exist together, while his First World War Memorial
Plaque is known in a separate collection. H.E. Wild was also entitled
to the Antarctic 1917 clasp, and though sent to brother J.R. Wild in
1921, it was never attached to his Polar Medal.
© Glenn ‘Marty’ Stein, FRGS. Glenn
is a historian and writer. His objective is to preserve the memories
of those who would otherwise be forgotten. Stein was the website Polar
Historian for the International Polar Year 2007–08 (Certificate
of Appreciation), and was awarded the Journal Prize for 2008–09
by the Orders and Medals Research Society of Great Britain. He lives
in Florida, USA.
Postscript: The CBE and Polar Medal sold for
£110,000 (hammer), but the miniatures were withdrawn from the
sale by the family.