History

Pentney at the Time of the
Domesday Book

It was a number of years after King William came to power in 1066, that he decided to commission a countrywide survey.  Now known as "The Domesday Book", this survey was a detailed statement of lands and resources that went with those lands.  It enabled William to calculate the amount of taxes he could gather in, but it has also given us a detailed picture of England, as it was over 900 years ago.

There are accounts written at the time, about the gathering of the facts.  Robert, Bishop of Hereford wrote that the Kings men:-
"made a survey of all England; of the lands in each of the Counties; of the possessions of each of the magnates, their lands, their habitations, their men, both bond and free, living in huts or with their own houses or land; of ploughs, horses and other animals; of the services and payments due from each and every estate"

What the Domesday Book says about Pentney

"The Hundred and a Half of FREEBRIDGE.
Hagni held PENTNEY before 1066 as a Manor, 3 c. of land; now Robert of Vaux holds.
  Always 11 villagers; 14 smallholders; 6 slaves.
  3 ploughs in Lordship; 3 men's ploughs.
Meadow, 20 acres; 3 mills; one-third of a salt-house.
An outlier, (East Walton), appertains to this land, 1 c. of land.
Always 6 smallholders; 2 slaves.
Meadow, 16 acres; 3 cobs. 
Always 16 acres; 3 cobs.  Then 20 horses, now 7.  Always 21 head of cattle; 30 pigs.  Then 40 sheep, now 92.  7 beehives.
In the same, 10 Freemen, 72 acres.  Always 1 plough.
Value of the whole before 1066 and when he acquired it 100s; now 7
Robert holds all this.  (It has) 5 furlongs in length and 4 in width, 8d in tax.
(Belonging) to the Church 30 acres; value 2s 8d."

Rita Sheridan,
Warwickshire,  England

Email: rasheridan@lineone.net