Reivers Sub-Aqua Club Training Schedule
The following training programme and tests must be completed to qualify for the Scottish Sub-Aqua Club Sport Diver Certificate.
- May only proceed with this programme once all notes on pool training have been read and are fully understood.
- Must submit a satisfactory medical certificate before any training on the aqualung. The cost of this medical must be borne by the candidate.
- Attend lectures, or attain sufficient knowledge to pass the Third Class lecture test.
- Carry out 10 open water dives in sequence - the first three dives each to a depth of between 6-10 metres; the remaining 7 dives to a depth of 10-20 metres
Note: The minimum age for this training is 15 years.
With the exception of the swimming test (which must be completed in a single pool session) NO MORE THAN FOUR ITEMS or less than two taken in sequence, may be assessed within one training session.
- Swim 200m freestyle (except backstroke) without stopping.
- Swim 100m on the back.
- Swim 50m wearing a 5kg weightbelt
- Float on the back for 5 minutes with minimal arm or leg movements.
- Tread water for 30 seconds with hands and forearms clear of the water.
- Recover three objects, one at a time, from a depth of not less than 2m and not more than 3m.
- Swim a distance of 15m underwater.
- Hold breath underwater for 30 seconds.
(Mask, fins, snorkel, ABLJ or Stab Jacket/BC must be worn for all the following exercises)
- Sink mask, fins and snorkel in 2-3 metres of water, duck dive, recover and re-fit on the surface whilst treading water.
- Fin 200m, diving to the bottom at least every 20m demonstrating a correct surface dive and surfacing drill, including signals on each occasion.
- Submerge for 30 seconds underwater, without mask or snorkel.
Sport Diver Training
In addition to the basic equipment used in the snorkelling assessment, hood gloves and full underwater breathing apparatus including weightbelt are to be worn throughout the following tests unless indicated otherwise.
Note: Confined open water is water 3-5 metres deep, of reasonable clarity (visibility of 3-5 metres), having a sand or gravel gently slopping bottom. It must be free from adverse tides, currents or obstructions eg long weeds and be located in a sheltered area with good access to the site. The training may be done in the pool or the sea.
Satisfactory theoretical knowledge, prior to using the aqualung, will be demonstrated following attendance at the following lectures or by careful study of the Basic Diving handbook
- Basic signals and surfacing drills.
- Ears, sinuses and effects of pressure
- Aqualung use, buoyancy control, description and use of buoyancy aids
- Burst lung and ascent in emergency.
- Respiration, Hyperventilation, Anoxia and hypoxia
- Exhaustion, protective clothing and hypothermia
- Rescue life saving and artificial respiration
- Principles of the aqualung, air endurance and cylinders
- Maintenance of equipment and diving accessories
- Open water diving and dive procedure
- Basic decompression, hazards and avoidance
- The SSAC and the organisation of it's training programme
Pool or safe Confined Open Water Training
- Assemble, test and put on equipment
- Wearing gloves and hood, attain neutral buoyancy on the surface by adding or removing lead to the weight belt
Note: Adjust to neutral buoyancy by adding air to the ABLJ/Stab Jacket.
Using the snorkel, fin 200m demonstrating a correctly exercised surface each time. Two means of clearing the snorkel are to be shown
- Submerge for 30 seconds underwater without mask, snorkel or regulator
- Remove mouthpiece underwater, clear and replace. Two methods for clearing mouthpiece must be demonstrated.
- After adding 2kgs of lead to the weight belt, attain neutral buoyancy in mid water by oral and direct inflation of the ABLJ/Stab Jacket
- Remove mask underwater, clear and replace twice.
Note: following this exercise the candidate, providing they have satisfactory protective clothing and also providing they can satisfy the BDO they have sufficient theoretical and practical knowledge of the hazards and dangers associated with the use of an aqualung and protective clothing, may proceed to safe confined water for training by a recognised BTP.
The trainee, at or before this point in the training, will sign a standard disclaimer form.
- Remove equipment on pool bottom, pass equipment to instructor who will pass the equipment back for it to be re-fitted on the bottom without resurfacing.
- Demonstrate mobility and buoyancy control by completing three forwards and three backward rolls with minimum arm movement.
- Support a fully kitted diver on the surface for 30 seconds. Both divers to be neutrally buoyant on the surface, breathing surface air but not using the snorkel.
- On the surface, in deep water, remove weight belt and cylinder (or cylinder and stab jacket if one is used) and hand to a person to simulate entry into a boat then re-fit whilst treading water. In confined water it is envisaged the boat entry could be practised
- Without wearing mask, swim 100m as follows
- 50m alternating between snorkel tube on surface and aqualung beneath surface;
- 50m on the back, on the surface wearing aqualung and carrying snorkel but using neither
- As donor share an aqualung with a companion for 50m, exhaling gently between exchanges of mouthpiece, at a depth no greater than 5m. Repeat the exercise as a recipient. Repeat the exercise using an alternate air supply.
- Fin 50m wearing a blacked out mask being led by a companion.
- Emergency drill simulating boat dive situation. At speed, fin 50m submerged completing in deep water where a companion is pretending to be unconscious on the bottom. Release weight belts if necessary and bring the body to the surface. Adjust ABLJ/Stab Jacket as necessary. Tow 50m giving EAR. Complete in deep water. Remove sets in water and hand to boat cover/pool side assistant. Land the body and carry out EAR and simulated closed chest cardiac massage for one minute. Answer questions concerning EAR and CCM to the satisfaction of the BTP.
- Wearing full diving equipment carry out a simulated dive where signals and responses are thoroughly tested.
Open Water Diving Assessments
Carry out at least 10 dives in sequence at 5 or more different sites on 5 or more different days, each dive to have a duration of not less than 15 minutes. No more than 2 dives are to be carried out on any one day.
These dives must include the following: Seven dives in seawater with at least two dives from the following list
- Shore dive along a sloping sea bed
- Dive in moving water (current less than two knots)
- Low visibility (less than 2 metres)
- Dive in cold water (10oC or less)
A fresh water dive may replace on of the above (a-d)
The first three dives are to be between 6-10m and the following seven each to be between 10-20m and no deeper.
Candidates must log at least 5 hours underwater time before being awarded the Third Class certificate.
During the above dives the following objective tests should be completed.
- Demonstrate the correct adjustment of buoyancy when wearing protective clothing and maintain neutral buoyancy during the dive.
- Demonstrate all recognised hand signals used in diving.
- Jump into safe water from a height of not less than 1m into at least 2m depth. Demonstrate two methods of entry.
- At a depth of 10m take off the mask completely, replace and clear twice.
- At a depth of 10m take out the mouthpiece, replace and clear demonstrating two different methods.
- Share a regulator for five cycles at 10m both as donor and as recipient.
- Orally inflate ABLJ/Stab Jacket on the surface.
- Snorkel swim for at least 100m on the front and 100m on the back.
- Conduct four air-sharing ascents, once as a donor and once as a recipient, to the surface from a depth of 15m. Care must be taken to exhale between breaths and to ascend at the correct rate. Repeat the exercise using an alternate air supply.
- Using a buoyant lift, raise a fully kitted diver from 10m to the surface, support him on the surface and demonstrate EAR for ten cycles. Tow him for 100m giving EAR.
- Swim a compass course for 2 minutes and then swim on a reciprocal bearing for a further 2 minutes.