Russian Refugees  1919

 

With the overthrow of the Romanov Dynasty in the Spring of 1917, Russia was plunged into civil war. The Bolsheviks were gaining more and more territory and power, so the aristocracy and their anti-Bolshevik White Army and supporters were pushed further and further to the south.

Russia was still involved in the war (World War I) against Germany, but a Bolshevik Delegation signed a Peace Treaty on 3rd March 1918 at Brest-Litovsk. Tsar Nicholas II and his family were taken to Ekaterinburg in April 1918, where they were brutally murdered on the night of 16th July 1918. In January 1919 the White Army captured Ekaterinburg, and the fate of the Tsar and his family was established beyond doubt.

It became clear that the Bolsheviks would eventually take over the whole country, and concern was expressed for the lives of the other members of the Royal Family, especially in England, and plans for their evacuation were put in hand.

HMS Marlborough commanded by Captain C.D. Johnson, arrived at Sebastopol via Constantinople in the first week of April 1919. The mission was to present a letter to the Dowager Empress Marie Feodorovna, the mother of Tsar Nicholas II, from her sister Queen Alexandra of England, urging her to leave Russia by this Royal Navy ship which would carry her and her suite to England via Malta.

She had already refused to similar offer from Captain B.S. Thesiger of HMS Calypso, about four weeks previously. She was reluctant to leave Russia in spite of the fact that the Bolsheviks were gaining control of the country and their front line was nearing the Crimea.

Captain Johnson and Captain Thesiger set out for Yalta a few miles east of Sebastopol, where the Empress was living and this time she was persuaded that the moment had come to leave. On the 7th April the ship docked at Yalta ready for embarkation. It was originally thought that the total number would be ten or twelve persons, but it soon became clear that a much larger number would board.

About thirty-five officer’s cabins were vacated and additional bunks installed where possible. Captain Johnson moved into his sea-cabin under the bridge so that the Empress could have his cabin.

Embarkation of persons and luggage continued over the next few days and on the 11th April HMS Marlborough finally departed from Yalta with 44 members of the Royal Family and Nobility, with a number of governesses, nurses, maids and manservants, plus several hundred cases of luggage.

The following morning the ship anchored off Halki Island, about twelve miles from Constantinople, where a delay occurred due to some uncertainty over the final destination for the Russian Royal family. It was resolved on Wednesday 16th when the Grand Duke Nicholas Nickolaievitch and his wife the Grand Duchess Anastasia, the Grand Duke Peter Nicholaievitch and his wife Grand Duchess Militsa, Princess Marina, Prince Roman, Count and Countess Tyszkiewich, Baron and Baroness Staal, Mr Boldyreff and Dr Malama with their respective servants left HMS Marlborough and boarded HMS Lord Nelson destined for Genoa.

They were replaced by Count Dimitri and Countess Sophia Mengden, Count George and Countess Irina Mengden, Countess Vera Mengden, Count Nicholas Mengden, Madame Helena Erchoff and two maids. On Good Friday morning the ship sailed from Halki Island for the voyage to Malta.

Although rumours were circulating in Malta about the arrival of the Russian party, Lord and Lady Methuen together with their A-D-C Robert Ingram went to the opera on Saturday night, the 12th, to make everything appear normal. At a break in the performance Ingram was called to take a telephone call from the Military Secretary Major Denham, who told him that a decoded secret telegram was being delivered to the theatre by motorcyclist. It duly arrived and was shown to His Excellency.

HMS Marlborough arrived during the evening of 20th April. The Governor went on board to pay his respects to Empress Marie Fedorovna and inform her that arrangements had been made for her to reside at San Anton Palace until HMS Lord Nelson arrived from Genoa to take her and her suite to England.

The next morning the Royal Marines Guard was drawn up on parade as Captain Johnson escorted the Empress along the deck to the gangway and into the barge waiting alongside. To salute her, the band played the Imperial National Anthem of Russia.  All the Russian passengers disembarked that day and by mid afternoon all their luggage totalling more than seven hundred items had also left the ship. Two days later HMS Marlborough was on her way back to Constantinople.

File:HMS Marlborough (1912).jpg

HMS Marlborough

Although the Empress and her immediate family were accommodated at San Anton Palace, and later planted an oak tree in the gardens to commemorate her nine-day stay, the other nobility were spread around various hotels.

When the Canadian registered ship s.s. Bermudian arrived later the same week, on 25th April 1919, carrying 220 men, 345 women and 133 children, reported as English and Russian refugees it was necessary to find lodgings for them, so rooms were found in St.George’s, St.Andrew’s and Tigne Barracks and at St. Ignatius College. No passenger list was kept on board the Bermudian, the only list which existed was held by the military authorities.

At midnight on 31st December 1919 a special service was held in St.Luke’s Church, Tigne Barracks for the Russian refugees. The Reverend T. Coldman, Chaplain to the Forces, gave a warm-hearted sermon, which was translated into Russian, to comfort the refugees. At the end of the service the organist played ‘God Save the Tsar’

The precise number of Russian refugees will never be known due to lack of documentation, but it seems that a total of around 800 is a fair estimate. Only a handful stayed and made Malta their home.

The following persons were in Malta at some stage of their journey into exile.

 

Russian Royal Family

 

Her Imperial Majesty, The EMPRESS MARIE FEODOROVNA of Russia. Formerly Princess Dagmar of Denmark, she was the wife of Tsar Alexander III, the parents of Tsar Nicholas II. Her sister was Queen Alexandra, the widow of King Edward VII of England, and mother of King George V. She arrived in Malta 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough, but eventually returned to her native Denmark where she died in Copenhagen on 13th October 1928, aged eighty-one years.

The Grand Duchess XENIA ALEXANDROVNA. The daughter of The Empress Marie Feodorovna and Tsar Alexander III, and the sister of Tsar Nicholas II. She was born in St. Petersburg on 6th April 1875, and married on 6th August 1894 to Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich. She arrived in Malta 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough. She continued her journey to England where she lived for the rest of her life and died 20th April 1960, aged eighty-five years. (Her husband Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich left the Crimea on HMS Forsythe in December 1918 to attend the Paris Peace Conference. He was accompanied by their eldest son Prince Andrew Alexandrovich and his wife Elizabeth Fabrizievna.).

Prince FEODOR ALEXANDROVICH, the son of Grand Duchess Xenia and Grand Duke Alexander Mihailovich, was born 23rd December 1898. He arrived in Malta 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough. He married Princess Irina Pavlovna Paley, the daughter of the Grand Duke Paul, and had one son. They later divorced. He died at Ascain, France in 1968.

Prince NIKITA ALEXANDROVICH, the son of Grand Duchess Xenia and Grand Duke Alexander Mihailovich, was born 17th January 1900. He arrived in Malta 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough. He married Countess Maria Ilarionovna Woronzov-Daschkov, and the couple had two sons. He died at Cannes, in the South of France, in 1974.

Prince DMITRI ALEXANDROVICH, the son of Grand Duchess Xenia and Grand Duke Alexander Mihailovich, was born 15th August 1901. He arrived at Malta 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough. He married Countess Maria Sergeivna Golenistcheff-Kutuzov, then Sheila Chisholm (Lady Milbanke) and died in London in 1980.

 Prince ROSTISLAV ALEXANDROVICH, the son of Grand Duchess Xenia and Grand Duke Alexander Mihailovich, was born 24th November 1902. He arrived in Malta 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough. He married three times. First to Princess Alexandra Pavlovna Galitzine, then to Alice Baker and finally to Hedwig von Chappius. He died in France in 1978.

Prince VASSILI ALEXANDROVICH, the son of Grand Duchess Xenia and Grand Duke Alexander Mihailovich, was born 7th July 1907. He arrived in Malta 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough. He married the Princess Natalia Alexievna Galitzine, and they had one daughter. He lived in California, USA, and died in 1989.


 

The Dowager Empress on board the ship that brought her to Malta

 

Servants of the Russian Royal Family

 

Maid AFFANASIEVA. Servant of Grand Duchess Xenia, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Maid BALOUSIEVA. Servant of Grand Duchess Xenia, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Miss COSTER, Nurse. English. Servant of Grand Duchess Xenia, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Miss GREENVELT. Servant of the Empress, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Manservant KOLOMINOFF. Servant of Grand Duchess Xenia, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Maid PAVLOFF. Servant of Grand Duchess Xenia, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Maid PAVLOVA. Servant of Grand Duchess Xenia, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Cossack POLIKOFF. Servant of the Empress, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Maid SEBOLEFF. Servant of Grand Duchess Xenia, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Maid VASSIELEVNA. Servant of the Empress, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Olga VASSIELEVNA. Servant of the Empress, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Manservant VIGISS. Servant of the Empress, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Cossack YASTCHICK. Servant of the Empress, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Other Russian Refugees

Russian refugees at Tigne Barracks 1919

Madam ANOTOLES. During the voyage on the s.s. Bermudian, her 13-month-old baby developed measles. They arrived on 25th April 1919.

Prince BARYATINSKY. He was in Malta July 1919.

Olga BATURINA. She was married at St.George’s Greek Church, Valletta, Malta on 15th July 1919 to Prince Vladimir VYAZEMSKY.

Serge BAZAAROFF. During the voyage on the s.s. Bermudian, he suffered from an attack of measles. Aged 14 years, he arrived on 25th April 1919.

Natalya BETEKOV. To help meet her living expenses in Malta she obtained some money from the Monte di Pieta, against security of her jewellery.

Mr and Mrs BIRSE. Both were artistes of the Imperial Opera Company in Odessa, and took part in concerts in Malta.

Count Andrey Alexandrovich BOBRINSKY, arrived with his wife Countess Elizabeth Petrovna Bobrinsky on 25th April 1919 on board s.s. Bermudian. He was born on 30th April 1859, and married 16th September 1881. Succeeded Count Sheremetev as President of the Refugees Committee.

Countess Elizabeth Petrovna BOBRINSKY, nee Schouvalov, the wife of Count Andrey Alexandrovich Bobrinsky, arrived with her husband on 25th April 1919 on board s.s. Bermudian.

Nathalie (generally known as Natasha) BRASSOF, nee Cheremetevskaya. She was born in 1880 in Moscow the daughter of a lawyer. She married three times. At 16 years old to her first husband Sergei Ivanovich Marmontof, a merchant. Her second husband was Captain Vladimir Vladimirovich Wulfert of the Blue Cuirassier Guards. Her third husband was Grand Duke Mikhail Alexandrovich, by whom she had an illegitimate child in 1910 and married in Vienna on 29th October 1911, a morganatic marriage. It was after his marriage that the Tsar granted her the title of Countess Brassof. She arrived at Malta 16th January 1919, on board HMS Agamemnon. She died in Paris in 1952. (He was taken prisoner by the Bolsheviks, and later murdered at Perm during the night of 12th/13th June 1918).

Miss BONCH BRUEVICH. She was in Malta in May 1922.

Lieut-Colonel A. BRIGER.

General and Mrs CHATELAINE, together with their six year old daughter arrived 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Captain CHIRIKOV, Russian Army. Witness at the Baturina/Vyazemsky wedding 15th July 1919.

Nadine CONDATENKO

Paul CONDATENKO. Nobleman

Princess Olga Petrovna DOLGOROUKI. She arrived 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough. The mother of Prince Serge Dolgorouki.

Prince Serge DOLGOROUKI. Master of Her Majesty’s Household. He arrived 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough, with his daughter Princess Olga Dolgorouki and his niece Princess Sophia Dolgorouki.

Princess Olga DOLGOROUKI. She was the daughter of Prince Serge Dolgorouki and arrived with him on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Princess Sophia DOLGOROUKI. She was the niece of Prince Serge Dolgorouki and arrived with him on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Elizaveta DUBENSKY, the wife of Captain N. Dubensky.

Nikolay DUBENSKY, Captain in the Imperial Russian Guards.

Yelena DUBENSKY. She was born on 24th June 1919 in the Blue Sisters Hospital, Malta, the daughter of Captain Nikolay and his wife Elizaveta.

General DUBENSKY. He was in Malta July 1919.

Boris EDWARDS. Sculptor. He was born in Odessa on 27th May 1860, the son of Boris Edwards and Sofia Kirinkoff. He studied in Odessa and St. Petersburg, and went to Paris to learn and master working with marble and bronze. Returning to Russia he taught at Odessa Schools for ten years. His first marriage was to Princess Tatyana UKTOMSKAYA. His second wife was Rosa REISZ.  He was one of the few Russians who made Malta his home, where he died on 12th February 1924, aged 64 years. He was buried in Ta Braxia Cemetery. Shortly after his death his wife Rosa Reisz left Malta.

 Boris Edwards

Miss Anastasia EDWARDS. The niece of Boris Edwards. She was born in 1916, the daughter of his sister Lidia. He adopted her as his daughter.

Colonel T. ELETZ. He was a patient in Cottonera Hospital.

Madam Helene ERCHOFF. She arrived on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Miss Sophia EVREINOFF. Lady in Waiting to Grand Duchess Xenia. She arrived on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Count FIERSON. He arrived on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

General FOGUEL. On the Staff of Grand Duke Alexander. He arrived on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Professor J. FYODOROV. He was a patient in Cottonera Hospital.

Prince G. GAGARIN, Captain in the Imperial Russian Guards. He took part in a concert held on 4th July 1919 when he performed Russian National Dances.

Prince and Princess GALITSINE

Miss GEREBTSOV

Mrs Malanea Ivanova GORECHENKO. She was born 1901, but widowed by the time she came to Malta, where she married Major Stephen Samut Tagliaferro. She died on 19th November 1969, and is buried in Ta Braxia Cemetery.

Donald GOTARRES-DEDARA. He arrived on 9th April 1919 on board HMS Asphodel.

Miss GRIGORYEV. She was in Malta May 1922.

N. HALL. Nobleman

Russian refugees at Tigne Barracks 1919

Mrs HORVAT and child. They were in Malta May 1922.

Count S. IGNATIEFF, Captain in the Imperial Russian Guards.

Countess S. IGNATIEFF

Lieutenant KAMINSKY. Flying Officer in the Russian Army. In Malta 1919.

N. KARPITSKY, Captain in the Imperial Russian Navy.

Princess Alexandrina KIASEMSKOF. She arrived in Malta 16th January 1919 on board HMS Agamemnon.

Count and Countess KLEINMICHEL

Madam KOLOMIN

Mr KOPYLTSOV

Wenceslas KOUSMICHOFF. He arrived on 9th April 1919 on board HMS Asphodel.

Professor Nicholas and Mrs KRASNOV, Architect in Imperial Russia. He painted many watercolours whilst in Malta.

Nicholas Krasnov

Vera KRASNOV, aged 24 years, married 28th May 1921 at St.Paul’s Anglican Cathedral, Valletta, Malta, to Leading Telegraphist William Aaron ALBISTON, Royal Navy. Her father was Professor Nicholas Krasnov.

N. KULCHITSKY, Minister, Imperial Board of Education.

A. LEONTIEFF, Captain in the Imperial Russian Guards.

Mrs LEONTIEFF

Leon LIKATCHEFF

Marie LIKATCHEFF, aged 18 years, the daughter of Leon Likatcheff, married 13th April 1920 at St.Paul’s Anglican Cathedral, Valletta, Malta, to Sub-Lieutenant Frederick Henry GREEN, Royal Navy.

Prince LOBANOV-ROSTOVSKY. He played the piano at a concert held on 4th July 1919.

Princess LOBANOV-ROSTOVSKY

Xenia LOMAKINA, aged 27 years, widow, married 6th June 1920 at St.Paul’s Anglican Cathedral, Valletta, Malta, to Paymaster Lieut-Commander Arthur William Edward BADDELEY, Royal Navy. Her father was Alexander Ivanov, Artist of the Imperial Theatre Petrograd (St.Petersburg).

Helen LOMAKINA, died in Malta February 1920, aged 12 months. Born in the Crimea, Russia.

MALANIN, President of the District Nobility. Witness at the Baturina/Vyazemsky wedding 15th July 1919.

Natalie MARMONTOF. She was the daughter of Natalie Brassof and her first husband Sergei Ivanovich Marmontof. She arrived with her mother on 16th January 1919 on board HMS Agamemnon.

Countess Zinaida MENGDEN. Lady in Waiting. She arrived on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Count Dmitry Dmitrievitch MENGDEN. He arrived on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Count George Dmitrievitch MENGDEN. He was born on 5th August 1898, and arrived on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Countess Irina Dmitrievna MENGDEN. She arrived on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Count Nicholas Dmitrievitch MENGDEN. He was born 1st April 1900, and arrived on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Countess Sophia Dmitrievna MENGDEN. She arrived on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Countess Vera Dmitrievna MENGDEN. She was born on 16th December 1902, and arrived 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

A. MYASOYEDOV

Miss MYSCHETSKY. To obtain some money for living expenses in Malta she pawned a diamond necklace the with Monte di Pieta.

Mr NELIDOV. He was in Malta July 1919.

Colonel NOVOSILTSEV, Russian Army, with his family in Malta July 1921. Witness at the Baturina/Vyazemsky wedding 15th July 1919.

Colonel Prince OBELIANI. On the Staff of Grand Duke Alexander. He arrived on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Princess OBOLENSKY. Her Majesty’s first Lady in Waiting. She arrived on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Princess Olga ORLOFF. She arrived on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough, with her son Prince Nikolai V. Orloff, daughter-in-law and granddaughter.

Princess Olga Orloff, painted in 1911 by V. Serov

Prince Nikolai Vladimirovich ORLOFF. The husband of Princess Nadezhda Orloff. They arrived at Malta 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough. For some time they stayed at the Imperial Hotel, Sliema.

Princess Nadezhda ORLOFF. The wife of Prince Nikolai V. Orloff. She was born on 24th May 1896 in St.Petersburg, and arrived with her husband and daughter on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough. She died 1961 in New York.

Princess Irina ORLOFF. She was born in 1918, the daughter of Prince Nikolai Vladimirovich and Nadezhda Orloff, and arrived with her parents on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough. She died in 1989.

Captain PETROVO-SOLOVO. He was a patient in Cottonera Hospital

Nathalie PIETSCHKOWSKY, aged 25 years, the daughter of George Pietschkowsky deceased, married 12th October 1919 at St. Paul’s Anglican Cathedral, Valletta, Malta, to Arthur Edwin COATES.

Reverend POHOSKE. HHHe arrived on 21st January 1919, on board HMS Woodnut.

General POLYAKOV

Princess Catherine POUTIATINE, was born in Odessa, Russia, on 3rd June 1876, She was the wife of Prince Michael Poutiatine, and died 25th March 1934, aged 59 years.

Prince Michael POUTIATINE. He was born on 21st May 1870, and arrived with his wife on s.s. Bermudian, on 25th April 1919. He died 14th May 1936.

Princess Nathalie POUTIATINE, was born 29th December 1903 in St. Petersburg, the daughter of Prince Paul and Princess Olga Poutiatine. She arrived on s.s. Bermudian, on 25th April 1919. The family moved to Paris where she met and later married Edgar Tabone. The couple moved back to Malta in the late 1920’s, and she died in Malta as a widow on 21st January 1984. She is buried in Ta Braxia Cemetery.

Princess Olga POUTIATINE, nee Zelenoy, arrived at Malta on s.s. Bermudian, on 25th April 1919. The mother of Nathalie Poutiatine. The family moved to Paris, but she later returned to Malta and died on 14th April 1967 in the Blue Sisters Hospital. She is buried in Ta Braxia Cemetery.

Constantine RUDANOVSKY, the son of Vassily and Tatiana Rudanovsky, born in 1911.

Tatiana RUDANOVSKY, the wife of Vassily Rudanovsky. Gave birth to a stillborn son in July 1908. Became a Naturalized British Subject.

Vassily RUDANOVSKY, Imperial Russian Consul at Malta. He was born in St. Petersburg on 6th December 1868. Employed in the Russian Foreign Office in 1900, he was appointed Consul in Singapore 1903, and Consul at Malta 1907. Became a Naturalized British Subject.

Miss SCHUTT. She arrived on HMS Woodnut.

Count Dimitry SHEREMETEV. He was born in 1869, and died 1943. He was the first President of the Refugees Committee.

Miss SIMMONDS. She was a British nurse with the Tolstoy family, and arrived with Countess Helene Mikhailovna TOLSTOY and two children, on 9th April 1919 on board HMS Forward.

A. SHIDLOWSKY, Lieutenant in the Imperial Russian Guards.

Madam SIROKOMSKY. She was in Malta May 1922.

Alice STRANDMAN. She was born on 12th May 1892 in Estonia, the daughter of a German father and an Estonian Mother. The Governess of Nathalie Poutiatine, she came with the Poutiatine family on the s.s. Bermudian, on  25th April 1919. She died in Malta on 25th August 1977, and is buried in a Poutiatine family grave in Ta Braxia Cemetery.

Colonel STROGANOV. He was in Malta July 1919.

Boris SUVORIN, Journalist. 1879 – 1940. Passed through Malta in October 1920 en route to Paris.

Mr SVECHIN. He was in Malta July 1919.

Colonel TIRAM, Russian Army. Witness at the Baturina/Vyazemsky wedding 15th July 1919.

Count Dimitry Ivanovich TOLSTOY, Director of Hermitage Museum St. Petersburg. He was born on 29th May 1860, and married in 1890. He was in Malta with his wife from October 1920 till March 1921. Finally settled in France.

Countess Helene Mikhailovna TOLSTOY, nee Tchertkov, the wife of Count Dimitry Ivanovich Tolstoy. She arrived in Malta 9th April 1919 on board HMS Forward, with two children and British nurse, Miss SIMMONDS.

The family finally settled in France.

Zinaida TOLSTOY. She obtained some money for living expenses from the Monte di Pieta, against security of her jewellery.

Prince and Princess TSULUKIDZE. They were in Malta July 1919

Mr TUTCHEV. He was in Malta July 1919.

A. TYSAN

Archpriest Nikolay VLADMIRSKY, of the Alexandrovsky Cathedral of Yalta, in the Crimea. He performed marriages in Malta during 1919.

Miss VOLGIN. She played the piano at a concert held on 4th July 1919.

Mr VOEVODSKY. He was in Malta July 1919.

S. VOEYKOV

Russian refugees at Tigne Barracks 1919

Miss VOLGIN

Baron and Baroness VON HOVEN. They were in Malta May 1922.

Baron VON TRAUBENBERG. He was in Malta July 1919.

Admiral Prince VYASEMSKY. Admiral of the Imperial Yachts. He arrived on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough, with his wife Princess Margaret Vyasemsky.

Princess Margaret VYASEMSKY. She arrived on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Prince Vladimir VYAZEMSKY. He was married on 15th July 1919 at St. George’s Greek Church, Valletta, Malta, to Olga BATURINA.

General Constantin VOYENSKY DE BREZE. He was born in St. Petersburg on 14th December 1860. After completing his education and military service he joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He became a skilled linguist, and had a love of history and archaeology. He held many senior positions within Russia, and also abroad. From St. Petersburg he moved south to Kiev in April 1917, and later left for Constantinople. He moved on to Malta where he arrived in 1919, and stayed the rest of his life. He died on 10th June 1928, aged 68 years, in the Blue Sisters’ Hospital, and is buried in Ta Braxia Cemetery.

A. WOLGINE, Imperial Minister of Religion.

Mrs Olga YARMONKINA, nee Birilev. The wife of Valentin Yarmonkina. She died in Paris.

Vera Valentinova YARMONKINA.She was born on 14th November 1903 in St. Petersburg, the daughter of Valentin and Olga Yarmonkina, and married in Malta on 20th July 1919 to Lieutenant Giuseppe Mifsud. She died in Paris in 1964.

Prince Felix Felixovich YOUSOUPOFF Senior. He arrived on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough, with his wife Princess Zenaida Nicholaievna Yousoupoff.

Princess Zenaida Nicholaievna YOUSOUPOFF. She arrived on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough. The wife of Prince Felix. F. Yousoupoff Senior.

Prince Felix Felixovich YOUSOUPOFF.He arrived on 20th April 1919 with his wife and daughter on board HMS Marlborough. The son of Prince Felix F. and Princess Zenaide N. Yousoupoff.  It was Felix Yousoupoff who plotted the death of Rasputin the ‘Mad Monk’, lured him to the cellar in his Moika Palace, and shot him but only wounded him. Though Rasputin escaped from the Palace another of the conspirators chased him into the garden and fired the fatal shots. Born 24th March 1887 in St.Petersburg, he died in Paris 27th September 1967 and is buried in the Sainte Genevieve de Bois Cemetery.

Prince Felix F. Yousoupoff, painted in 1905 by V.Serov

Princess Irina Alexandrovna YOUSOUPOFF, the wife of Prince Felix Felixovich, arrived on 20th April 1919 with him and their daughter Princess Irina Felixovna, on board HMS Marlborough. The daughter of Grand Duchess Xenia and Grand Duke Alexander Mihailovich, she was born on 3rd July 1895, and married 1914. She died 26th February 1970.

Princess Irina Felixovna YOUSOUPOFF. The daughter of Prince Felix Felixovich and Princess Irina Alexandrovna Yousoupoff. She arrived on 20th April 1919 with her parents on board HMS Marlborough. She was born 21st March 1915, later married Nikolai Sheremetieff, and died 30th August 1983.

 

Servants of Russian Nobility

Maid ADELE. With Countess Mengden, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough

Maid ANTONINOVA. With Princess Orloff, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Maid APSA. With Countess Mengden, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Manservant CHURILOFF. With Princess Dolgorouki, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Olga GORPENCHENKO. Maid with Countess Mengden, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Manservant HARPIN. With the Yousoupoff family, arrived with them on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Miss HENTON. English. Nurse with the Yousoupoff family, arrived with them on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Anna KALNIN. Maid with Countess Mengden, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Miss KING. English. Governess with Princess Dolgorouki, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Maid LATA. With the Yousoupoff family, arrived with them on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Maid LEVITON. With the Yousoupoff family, arrived with them on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Maid LOUISE. With Princess Dolgorouki, arrived with her on 10th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Maid OZER. With Countess Mengden, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough

Manservant PIERREOFF. With the Yousoupoff family, arrived with them on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Maid PRAKAFIEVA. With Princesss Orloff, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Miss RADKINS. English. With Princess Dolgorouki, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Maid SHOUBERINA. With Princess Orloff, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Manservant TESSFAY. With the Yousoupoff family, arrived with them on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Miss TURK. English. Governess with Princess Orloff, arrived with her on 20th April 1919 on board HMS Marlborough.

Back to Main Index