The flag.

The flag of Scotland is the St Andrew's Cross - white diagonals on a blue ground.
Saltire
The origins of the flag are a little uncertain, but one story goes back to a battle in the vicinity of Athelstaneford around 832AD.
On the morning of the battle, cloud formations against a blue sky resembled the St Andrews flag, and the Scots won the subsequent battle. This was then taken as an omen.

Also associated with Scotland is the lion rampant, the flag of the royal family in Scotland

Lion rampant

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