: GermanyFrankfurt-am-Main, financial
centre of Germany, and home to a growing network of underground
railways, has a fascinating tramway history and posessed one of the
largest networks in Europe. Tramscape's 285 photographs show
Frankfurt's trams in 1979, 1984, 1987 and 1996, snapshots in time
during a period of dramatic change as the city pursued a programme of
removing tracks from the city centre, only for a massive public
reaction to lead to a dramatic reversal in policy.
The survivor - but only just! Heated political debate forced
the retention of the tram line through the Altstadt at the last
minute even though it closely parallels an underground line
Not so lucky at Opernplatz. The opening of an underground tram
route in 1986 lead to the closure of surface services here between
the city centre and Bockenheimer Warte.
Trams from Prufling were cut back to a stub terminus at Grosse-Friedberger-Strasse,
but in a reversal of policy, a new link was later built to the "southern"
network of lines.
Frankfurt has committed to retaining the tram
for the foreseeable future. New lines are on the drawing board - the
first will be an extension from near the Messe into the developing
Rebstock area. A second link to Preungesheim, via the Friedberger
Landstrasse and Friedberger Warte is under investigation and a direct
link for Neu-Isenburg to the Hauptbahnhof via Stresemannallee may
also be built.
The Rebstock area lies alongside the new "Europaviertel", where an
enormous expansion of office developments is expected. A branch from
the Hauptbahnhof - Bockenheimer Warte U-Bahn line is the likeliest
solution here. The "B" line between Bockenheimer Warte and Ginnheim
is also scheduled to be built.
Further developments in the S-Bahn may be restricted due to the
likely over-capacity in the city-centre tunnel, but it is intended
that the network, currently concentrated in the western area will be
developed in the east, particularly in the Rodgau area beyond
Offenbach. The scope of heavy-rail developments will be influenced by
the outcome of the so-called "Frankfurt 21" proposals, which involve
a cross-city tunnel for main-line rail services. This will overcome
the disadvantage of Frankfurt's Hauptbahnhof being a terminus station
and will be of significant importance in improving Inter-City
connections. It is also expected that creation a "through" station
will free up large tracts of marshalling yard land for urban
development. The scale of the proposals and associated cost mean that
the plans are already being hotly debated and are unlikely to be
realised in the medium term.
As Line 11 has shown, developments in Frankfurt rarely proceed
without controversy and Frankfurt 21 is likely to continue this
tradition. Photographs by Year