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It's always good to see survivors working together, and with regards to this article I would like to thank up front CC from the Therapy Abuse list for suggesting to me that this would make a great article. Her contribution along with those from Aly, Sue and Arthur all from the Therapy Abuse list who also kindly took the time to compile and edit this article - which provide surviors worldwide with some of the best insights into the nature of therapy abuse anywhere. Many thanks also to Marion publisher and co-moderator of the Therapy-Abuse website and list.Who gave her permission for the messages from the Therapy-Abuse list to be published in this way.

http://www.therapy-abuse.net

Ray Hurford - VEX

There are many ways in which therapists and counsellors can abuse their clients. The list below, which does not claim to be exhaustive, is based on the experiences of some of those who have been abused in therapy. Categorising the suggestions has not always been easy: some behaviours fit into more than one category, and there is some overlap between the categories themselves. NB. The words "therapy" and "therapists" here should be taken to refer also to "counselling" and "counsellors" - or indeed to any kind of talking treatment and those who practise it.

"You Don't Matter" - Lack of respect, shaming & not listening

"You Don't Need To Know" - Withholding information

"I'm in Charge" - Controlling, threatening and manipulative behaviour

"I Know Best" - Misinterpretation of client's symptoms/situation & imposing own beliefs/ preconceptions

"You Need Me" - Encouraging dependence & setting self up as only hope

Use of jargon, clichés, pretence and other inappropriate modes of address

Causing disruption to client's life, including breach of confidentiality

Financial/material exploitation

"It's Your Fault" - Blaming the client & denial of any responsibility for distress in therapy

THE EFFECTS OF EMOTIONAL ABUSE FROM THERAPEUTIC SETTINGS

HOW THERAPISTS ABUSE THEIR CLIENTS

There are many ways in which therapists and counsellors can abuse their clients. The list below, which does not claim to be exhaustive, is based on the experiences of some of those who have been abused in therapy. Categorising the suggestions has not always been easy: some behaviours fit into more than one category, and there is some overlap between the categories themselves. NB. The words "therapy" and "therapists" here should be taken to refer also to "counselling" and "counsellors" - or indeed to any kind of talking treatment and those who practise it.

"You Don't Matter" - Lack of respect, shaming & not listening

"You Don't Need To Know" - Withholding information

"I'm in Charge" - Controlling, threatening and manipulative behaviour

"I Know Best" - Misinterpretation of client's symptoms/situation & imposing own beliefs/ preconceptions

"You Need Me" - Encouraging dependence & setting self up as only hope

Use of jargon, clichés, pretence and other inappropriate modes of address

Causing disruption to client's life, including breach of confidentiality

Financial/material exploitation

"It's Your Fault" - Blaming the client & denial of any responsibility for distress in therapy

THE EFFECTS OF EMOTIONAL ABUSE FROM THERAPEUTIC SETTINGS